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Martin RB-57A Canberra

History of the RB-57A Canberra

The RB-57A was designed as a twinjet tactical bomber, as well as a photo reconnaissance platform used during Vietnam and the Cold War. Only 67 of these aircraft were made due to the expected delivery of the more capable Douglas RB-66B. Some of the 67 aircraft were converted to electronic reconnaissance aircraft. The RB-57F and others were assigned to Air National Guard units.

Martin RB-57A Canberra

Serial Number: 52-1492

Manufacturer: Glenn L. Martin Company

Crew: One pilot and one navigator/camera operator

Engines: Two Wright J-65-W-5 turbojets; 7,200 pounds thrust each

Wingspan: 64 feet (without tip tanks)

Length: 65 feet 6 inches

Height: 15 feet 6 inches

Weight: 49,950 pounds

Speed: 495 mph (cruising); 610 mph at 45,000 feet (maximum)

Range: 2,100 miles

Service Ceiling: 48,000 feet

Armament: Four 20mm cannon or eight .50-caliber machine guns plus 5,000 pounds ordnance

Cost: $1,071,000

The RB-57A Canberra at Hill Air Force Base

The B-57 was used by the 461 Bombardment Group at Hill Air Force Base for training, transport and liaison efforts. After 1954, Hill Air Force Base gained responsibility for specialized supply of the B-57. Manufactured in 1955, the RB-57A on display served various assignments, including the 7499th Support Group for Operation “Heart Throb” during the Cold War. In the course of this mission, a two-man crew used cameras to look into Warsaw Pact territory without flying over it. In 1960, the aircraft retired and was restored to reflect its role in the Heart Throb mission.

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